What are the parts of an appraisal?Getting a home is the most serious financial decision some might ever encounter. Whether it's where you raise your family, an additional vacation property or an investment, the purchase of real property is an involved financial transaction that requires multiple parties to make it all happen.
The majority of the participants are quite familiar. The most recognizable entity in the exchange is the real estate agent. Then, the mortgage company provides the financial capital necessary to fund the transaction. The title company makes sure that all requirements of the transaction are completed and that a clear title passes from the seller to the buyer.
So what party makes sure the value of the property is consistent with the amount being paid? This is where you meet the appraiser. We provide an unbiased opinion of what a buyer could expect to pay - or a seller receive - for a parcel of real estate, where both buyer and seller are informed parties. A professional New Hampshire licensed certified appraiser from R.B.Hill Company will ensure you as an interested party are informed. One of our appraisers is also an SRA designated appraiser.
The inspection is where an appraisal startsOur first responsibility at R.B.Hill Company is to inspect the property to ascertain its true status. We must see features first hand, such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the location, amenities, etc., to ensure they really are present and are in the condition a reasonable buyer would expect them to be. To ensure the stated square footage is accurate and describe the layout of the home, the inspection often requires creating a sketch of the floor plan. Most importantly, we look for any obvious amenities - or defects - that would affect the value of the house.
Next, after the inspection, we use two or three approaches when determining the value of real property: a paired sales analysis, a replacement cost calculation, and an income approach when rental properties are prevalent.
Replacement CostWhere applicable the appraiser analyzes information on local construction costs, the cost of labor and other elements to ascertain how much it would cost to construct a property nearly identical to the one being appraised. This figure often sets the maximum on what a property would sell for. It's also the least used predictor of value.
Sales ComparisonAppraisers become very familiar with the subdivisions and area in which they appraise. We innately understand the value of certain features to the homeowners of that area. Then, the appraiser researches recent transactions in the area and finds properties which are 'comparable' to the subject at hand. By assigning a dollar value to certain items such as upgraded appliances, additional bathrooms, an additional living area, quality of construction, lot size, we add or subtract from each comparable's sales price so that they more accurately match the features of subject property.
Valuation Using the Income ApproachA third way of valuing approach to value is sometimes used when an area has a measurable number of renter occupied properties. In this case, the amount of revenue the property generates is taken into consideration along with income produced by nearby properties to determine the current value.
Putting It All TogetherAnalyzing the data from all applicable approaches, the appraiser is then ready to stipulate an estimated market value for the subject property. Note: While this amount is probably the best indication of what a house would sell for in an open market, it may not be the final sales price. Depending on the individual situations of the buyer or seller, their level of urgency or a buyer's desire for that exact property, the closing price of a home can always be driven up or down. But the appraised value is often used as a guideline for lenders who don't want to loan a buyer more money than the property would likely sell for in an open marketplace. The bottom line is: An appraiser from R.B.Hill Company will guarantee you get the most fair and balanced property value, so you can make educated and profitable real estate decisions.